(Pablo Emilio Escobar Gaviria, Rio Negro, Antioch, 1949 – Medellin, 1993) Colombian drug trafficker who was one of the founders of the Medellin cartel called. The son of an estate manager and a rural teacher. Started in lesser offices, washing cars or helping in the markets, also breeder cows was then hired killer pass and car thief.
His criminal career began with the purchase of stolen and bootlegged, until he was introduced to marijuana trafficking and finally in cocaine. In 1976 he was arrested with 19 kilos of cocaine, although the case was dismissed.
By this time Escobar began his political career. Raised for underprivileged neighborhood in Medellin, Medellin Without Slums call or Pablo Escobar neighborhood, a ghetto of 780 houses, built destined for needy people to get the votes he became first deputy mayor of the City of Medellin and, later, as a candidate of the Liberal Renewal Movement in acting representative of the Congress in 1982.
Was indicted for drug trafficking, which led to his failure in politics, and devoted himself to a series of campaigns to promote civic and social activities with the help of priests Loperas Elías Hernán Cárdenas and Fourth.
Pablo Escobar was one of the founders of the Medellin Cartel, named at birth MAS (Death to Kidnappers) -, whose origin was the kidnapping of Marta Nieves Ochoa. Since 1983, when the Drug Enforcement Department of the United States, linked to drug trafficking organizations, Escobar was plunged into hiding and managed to come out on top of a regular siege of secret Colombian authorities and international agencies such as Interpol and the DEA.
In addition to drug trafficking on a large scale, he weighed about such serious charges like murder of editor of The Spectator, Guillermo Cano, the Justice Minister Rodrigo Lara Bonilla in 1984, the Liberal Party leader and presidential candidate of Colombia, Luis Carlos Galan, in 1989, and the kidnapping of eight journalists, one of whom died. It has also been blamed for the assassination of presidential candidate Carlos Pizarro Leongómez, leader of the M-19, and Bernardo Jaramillo Ossa, leader of the Patriotic Union. Also attributed the murder of Marina Montoya, sister of the secretary of the residence during the administration of Virgilio Barco, in January 1991.
He was also accused of having organized a vast illegal industry, indirectly responsible for much of the twenty-five thousand crimes committed annually in Colombia. Colombian police, for whom Escobar is responsible for almost everything that happened in the country, linked to this drug dealer with the DAS Building bombing, which killed about a hundred people. He was also noted as responsible for having paid ETA terrorist to put the bomb that blew up an Avianca plane in which 107 people were killed.
Meanwhile, the DEA (Drug Enforcement Administration) have blamed Escobar introduced several tons of cocaine into the United States, to be inducing the death of a narcotics police and organizing the Medellin cartel, which attributed the large Most terrorist acts in the late eighties and early nineties in Colombia.
In 1991 it reached an agreement with the Colombian government to surrender and avoid extradition to the U.S. The June 19, 1991 was held in Envigado, Module number three luxury in a cell guarded by at least three hundred Colombian Army troops.
After spending 13 months in prison, fled on July 22, 1992. After the situation was complicated for him, especially after the appearance of the group Los Pepes (People Persecuted by Pablo Escobar), who started a campaign of attacks against property, relatives, lawyers and associates of the offender. In this wave of attacks dropped several of his aides and family began a diaspora Escobar in a nation seeking would receive them as political refugees.
On December 2, 1993, a day after his 44th birthday, was shot dead by police 15 Search Bloc on the roof of his house American neighborhood in Medellin, after being spotted by making a few calls to his family . He was married to Maria Victoria Henao, with whom he had two children: Juan Pablo and Manuela.